by John Voigt
In silence there must be movement, and in motion, there must be silence.
A small movement is better than a large movement,
no movement is better than a small.
Silence is the mother of all movement..
In movement you should be like a dragon or a tiger.
In non-movement you should be like a Buddha.
–Wang Xiangzhai, the Father of Standing Post Qigong
This is a continuation of the article – The Most Important Qigong – that appeared in Chinese Medical Living, January 2018.
A Quick Summary.
Stand straight and relaxed with chin slightly tucked back. Raise your arms and pretend to hug an imaginary large tree (or large ball). Breathe slowly, deeply, and smoothly. Hold the pose as long as possible. Relax into any discomfort you experience. If you experience any pain then stop immediately. With an empty mind be aware (feel) your posture; and gently correct it if necessary.
How Long to Practice.
Even a few minutes of serious practice each day should bring about some positive results. As long as there is no pain, slowly extend the length of the practice. With an accomplished teacher several hours—even more—are theoretically possible. However, for those who need more specific instructions: “Start by doing the standing exercises for five minutes a day. After three weeks, increase this to ten minutes. Three weeks later, aim for 15 minutes, and 20 minutes after a further three weeks. You can stand longer if you wish, but 20 minutes will refresh your whole system.” Master Lam Kam Chuen. The Way of Energy, pg. 25.
The important thing is to practice as relaxed, as long, and as often as you can.
MANAGING THE DISCOMFORT:
Photo credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/519532506985622303/
Discomfort is to be expected and dealt with by relaxing and breathing into the strained area.
Ignore any itches, tingling, even minor quick flashing pains which often are signs that energy blockages are being opened. If it gets to be too much just stop doing the standing posture for a few seconds, then return to it with the arms not held so high, or the knees not bent so much. To alleviate some discomfort in the arms, imagine they are suspended up by strings from the elbows and wrists. Or lower the hands down to in front of the belly. Or imagine the arms are made of cotton.
Other ways to reduce discomfort are more fanciful, but perhaps more effective: imagine you are floating in a pool of warm water; or you are a feather floating in the air. For those that are more spiritually aggressive, imagine you are an angelic being of light floating in the heavens.
The simplest remedy is paradoxical: with the hint of a smile on your lips, just disregard the discomfort and sink into it as if it weren’t there—something like getting a “second wind” for a long distance runner.
However if sharp or intense pain occurs anywhere, especially in the knees or other joints, STOP! If pain continues to occur during future practice, discontinue all practice until you receive professional advice from someone experienced in these matters.
TECHNIQUES TO BETTER THE PRACTICE:
A Straight Back.
Be aware of the alignment and symmetry of your pose, and gently adjust and correct it as needed.
Although they may think that they are standing straight, most people lean slightly backwards or forwards when doing Standing Post. To experience what a straight back really feels like, lie on the floor in a supine position, or stand against a wall. Or do it with a full length mirror to check your stance; or have someone look at you and tell you when are not straight. Or imagine you are hanging from the limb of a tree by the hair on the top of your head.
Do not “tuck the tailbone under.” Do not put that kind of force on your spine. If you “sit back” on an imaginary high stool, the coccyx will properly straighten by itself.
Many people need to feel that they are leaning forward to get a correct straight posture.
Look at Grand Master Yu Yong-Nian with his students in the next picture. For most (and especially with Master Yu) a theoretical plumb line could be dropped from the crown of the head through the center of the abdomen down to the perineum area. Not only that: the Kidney-1 points (behind the balls of the feet) also line up, and all this is done so effortlessly!
Grand Master Yu Yong Nian with his students, Beijing, circa 1985.
Image source: http://www.yiquan78.org/postures.htm
“This is a mental as well as physical exercise, overcoming random thoughts is an important aspect …. Only [by] being completely relaxed and natural, not trying to control, just letting thoughts come and go Without Attachment, can one really stabilize and liberate the consciousness.” Wang Xiangzhai: Entering the Quiet State.
Other methods to clear the mind to gain that needed “quiescence”: listen to the breath – make it silent – listen to the silence of the breath. If that is too difficult, count each inhalation up to ten, then go back to one and repeat the counting.
Superstar martial artist Bruce Lee may have said it best in the movie, Enter The Dragon” with his “Don’t think, feel” … [that way you won’t miss ] … “All that heavenly glory.”
Gaze in an absent minded way at the hands. As the Chinese say, “Look but don’t look.” This helps to more deeply relax into the static standing posture.
If you have trouble keeping the shoulders loose, inhale and squeeze the shoulders up; then quickly exhale and drop the shoulders.
The fingers are slightly spread apart, and the thumbs are slightly bent—(imagine each hand is catching a ball). Or, sometimes I tell my students, “think tiger claws.” And keep the wrists loose.
Hands and arms are normally just below shoulder level, but they may be at the level of the lower abdomen (dantian), or the forehead, or the palms may face the ground; there are many possible options.
The Eight Zhan Zhuang Posts of Yiquan
Image source: http://mitqigong.blogspot.com/2011/06/eight-zhan-zhuang-posts-of-yiquan.html
The knees should never go past the toes; doing that can harm the knees.
About Knee Bends.
Many martial arts teachers say that with the legs wider apart than shoulder width, you can gain a lower crouching stance which will enable more vital energy (qi) to be packed into your body. This certainly has validity. However in the standard practice of Zhan Zhuang, it is only an advanced option, and is best done only under the supervision of an experienced master teacher.
Normally the knees are bent about an inch—but it is standard to bend them as
much as you can without experiencing pain.
The knees should slightly push outward. To accomplish this, imagine a large ball expanding against, but simultaneously being held in place (isometric-like) by your knees. Guide your body weight to—and slightly lift up—the yongquan (Kidney-1) acupuncture points directly behind the balls of the feet. This lifts the arches and distributes the weight between the heels, toes, and sides of the feet. This will help you feel lighter and more agile. It also keeps the knees from pointing inward.
Be a TREE.
Zhan Zhuang sometimes is translated as “Standing Like a Tree.” It may be helpful to bring the concept of Tree into the practice. For example, do the exercise outdoors among large healthy trees—You can imagine that you too are a tree standing straight and powerful; drawing up earth-yin energy and drawing down sun-yang energy.
Or visualize you are squeezing a tree and making it smaller; not only with your hands and arms, but also with your knees and legs. Or imagine that you are pulling it out by its roots. All of these are done without any external movement.
To Prevent Energy Leakage.
Very gently tighten the muscles in the anal and perineum area.
What Not To Do.
Master Wang Xiangzhai taught that Conscious Awareness and Physical Form working together is the basis of this work: In his words, “Mind activity is born from the posture; posture follows mind activity.” What this means is that although he did teach using certain visualizations, he rejected thought controlled qigong practices such as orbiting qi in the meridians, working with specific acupuncture points, or Daoist or Buddhist breathing techniques. I think he wanted us to be without any words in a place of Oneness (the “Flow” or what athletes call, “In the Zone”).
BENEFITS FROM DOING THE PRACTICE:
“I do Zhan Zhuang and I’m happy! I do Zhan Zhuang and I’m healthy! I do Zhan Zhuang and I have a long life!” – Grand Master Yu Yong-Nian https://munndialarts.com/english/master-yu-yong-nian/ (he lived 93 years).
Standing Post strengthens the muscles, and increases qi (life energy) in the body. It grants an awareness of the self—which may lead to profound psychological and spiritual experiences. Relaxing and being able to ignore discomfort is a skill that may be used in dealing with many of the difficult situations we may face in life.
A basic premise of traditional Chinese health practices is that illness is caused when qi (vital life energy) is deficient, stagnant, excessive or blocked. Properly done, Standing Post helps correct these problems.
Standing Post trains the mind to be still and concentrated, thereby gaining alertness, self discipline and will power. The mind does not lose itself so easily in the daily stresses of modern life which often trigger a variety of psychological problems.
“In Zhan Zhuang Chi Kung one learns to return to the source of all power, to enter back into the very womb of universal energy and to experience the truth of the power of the void, the still point, the wuji” [i.e., the empty potential for infinite creation], (from Internal Arts Journal. http://www.qigonghealer.com/zhan_zhuang.html . Standing Post, occasionally called “Standing Meditation,” can bring the Body, Life Energy, and the Mind into an experienced state of Unity. A place of Oneness: first with the self, then with nature, then the world, then the universe. And finally perhaps with what some might call the “Dao.”
“If you have substantial [qi-energy] blockage in your body, the accumulated energy derived from Zhan Zhuang would cause internal injuries.” Wong Kiew Kit. The Shaolin Arts. p. 150. Do not practice when sick, instead go see a doctor! Some sources say do not practice if you have high blood pressure, or excessive blood flow during menstruation or menopause, or if pregnant or right after childbirth. As always, consult with professional health providers before doing any exercise or qigong; especially if you have any medical problems or health issues. As mentioned throughout this article: if there is pain stop. If the pain continues consult with a professional healer.
(Zhan Zhuang is translated many ways: “Standing Post” is accurate but without meaning for most English speakers. Other terms are “Standing Stake,” “Standing Meditation,” “Standing Pole,” “Standing Like a Tree,” or “Stance Training.” Even its most important teacher in the 20th century, Master Wang Xiangzhai, near the end of his life called it “Health Nourishing Postures,” and “Postures of Primeval Unity.”
This article is a summation of “The Ultimate Energy Exercise: Zhan Zhuang – Standing (Like A) Post. Qi Journal, vol. 23/n.2; Summer 2013. https://www.qi-journal.com/store.asp?-token.S=qi&ID=3319
The next issue of Chinese Medicine Living for March, 2018 will have the concluding The Most Important Qigong – III: (Standing Post – Zhan Zhuang). It features
Dr. Yan Xin’s http://www.yanxinqigong.net/aboutdryan/index.htm version of Standing Post, as well as a list of books, online articles, and videos for further study.
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Featured image source: http://www.yiquan78.org/postures.htm